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Unbecoming Citizens – Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Unbecoming Citizens: Culture, Nationhood, and the Flight of Refugees from Bhutan

Michael Hutt


This book recounts the plight of some hundred thousand refugees of Nepali ethnic origin (also known as the Lhotshampa or ‘Southern Borderlander’) who claim to have been wrongfully evicted from Bhutan. None of them have returned to Bhutan after their eviction in the early 1990s. The author begins his examination of their plight by discussing the history of Bhutan as it appears in British colonial archives and in current standard national narratives. He then discusses the history of Bhutan from the point of view of ‘Bhutanese’ refugees (housed in camps in Nepal) presented to him as a foreign res ... More

Keywords: Bhutan, Bhutanese refugee camps, Nepal, Lhotshampa society, Lhotshampa dissidence, Bhutanese state, Indian independence, Chinese invasion, Tibet

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2005 Print ISBN-13: 9780195670608
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195670608.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Michael Hutt, author
Reader in Nepali and Himalayan Studies and Associate dean in Faculty of Languages and Cultures, SOAS, University of London