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Life and Work of Guru Arjan$
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Pashaura Singh

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195679212

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195679212.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 03 December 2021

‘Sacred’ City and the ‘Divine Court’: the Darbar Sahib

‘Sacred’ City and the ‘Divine Court’: the Darbar Sahib

(p.105) 5 ‘Sacred’ City and the ‘Divine Court’: the Darbar Sahib
Life and Work of Guru Arjan

Pashaura Singh

Oxford University Press

The Harimandir Sahib, also known as Darbar Sahib or ‘the Divine Court’, is the central place of Sikh worship and conveys the sense of majesty that emanates from the entire temple complex. The gurdwara, erected in the middle of a sacred pool called Amritsar or ‘Lake of Immortality’, has always been the prime focus of Sikh reverence and devotion. In fact, Guru Arjan called it the noblest of all places. This chapter explores how the city of Ramdaspur was established, why Guru Arjan built the temple within the sacred pool, and how the Darbar Sahib acquired its sacred status and became the central institution in the development of the Sikh tradition. It also discusses Guru Nanak's conscious decision in the 1520s to found a new settlement at Kartarpur (‘Creator's Abode’) on the right bank of the river Ravi.

Keywords:   Guru Arjan, Divine Court, Darbar Sahib, Amritsar, gurdwara, Ramdaspur, Harimandir Sahib, Guru Nanak, Kartarpur, temple

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