The issues of globalization, democracy, and peace that have dominated people’s lives, especially after 1989, are likely to continue as the most important global political trends of the twenty-first century as well. This chapter first cites the significance of the dismantling of the Berlin Wall, the transfer of Hong Kong to China, and the destruction of the World Trade Center in New York on 11 September 2001. This chapter reflects upon the following issues: a peaceful world without wars and major conflicts; whether religions will inspire suicide squads the coming years; whether terrorists will kill innocent civilians and destroy property in the name of religion; whether incompatibility and the feeling of distrust among ethnic and religious groups are going to decline heralding an era of social harmony; and a global political order based on the rule of law and equality.
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