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Twilight of the TigersPeace Efforts and Power Struggles in Sri Lanka$
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G. H. Peiris

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780195699456

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195699456.001.0001

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Peace Initiatives Constraints and Contradictions

Peace Initiatives Constraints and Contradictions

(p.78) 3 Peace Initiatives Constraints and Contradictions
Twilight of the Tigers

G. H. Peiris

Oxford University Press

This chapter covers the events and trends of the first twelve months of the ceasefire agreement between the Sri Lankan government and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). The idea of negotiating with the LTTE found endorsement from the clergy of different religions including prominent Buddhist monks. The new government remained highly dependent on the backing of the international community to carry through its strategy of resolving the ethnic conflict. Certain basic contradictions in the entire approach, ignored for a time in the initial euphoria of peace, had begun to affect public perceptions and impact upon the negotiation process. Since the signing of the MoU, there were many reported violations of its terms by both the government as well as the LTTE, including arms smuggling. In the post-ceasefire months, the MoU provided an opportunity to the LTTE leadership to further consolidate its hegemony over Tamil politics in Sri Lanka. This chapter also considers the response of the Muslims to the peace negotiations between the government and the LTTE.

Keywords:   Sri Lanka-end 2002 to early 2003, ethnic conflict, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, peace negotiations, ceasefire, and threats to it, Muslims, arms smuggling, politics, violations

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