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Modern Myths, Locked MindsSecularism and Fundamentalism in India$
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T.N.M Madan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198065104

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.001.0001

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Islam in South Asia: From Orthodoxy to Fundamentalism

Islam in South Asia: From Orthodoxy to Fundamentalism

(p.106) Chapter Four Islam in South Asia: From Orthodoxy to Fundamentalism
Modern Myths, Locked Minds

T. N. Madan

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an argument about the character of Muslim fundamentalism in South Asia. The argument runs as follows: While a concern with orthodoxy and orthopraxis is only to be expected among the carriers of a religious tradition when they enter an alien socio-cultural environment and make converts, their anxiety about the loss of the pristine purity of belief and practice at a later stage of consolidation expresses itself in the form of efforts at reform and revival. This chapter also discusses the arrival of Islam in India and the opportunities and dilemmas it presented—religious authority versus secular power in medieval India, religious syncretism and revivalism, redemption by education, and Islamic fundamentalism in South Asia in the twentieth century.

Keywords:   India, Islam, South Asia, fundamentalism, orthodoxy, religious authority, secular power, redemption by education, tradition versus modernity, religious syncretism and revivalism

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