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Modern Myths, Locked MindsSecularism and Fundamentalism in India$
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T.N.M Madan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198065104

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.001.0001

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Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism

Chapter:
(p.150) Chapter Five Islam in South Asia: Quest for Pluralism
Source:
Modern Myths, Locked Minds
Author(s):

T. N. Madan

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.003.0005

The person who did most to link Islam with the Enlightenment in India was Sayyid Ahmad Khan, who attempted to overcome the hiatus between faith and reason without abandoning the fundamentals of Islam. In fact, no orthodox Muslim thinker has ever treated secularism as anything but an error. Notable among those of the next generation in India whom Sayyid Ahmad Khan influenced were Shaikh Muhammad Iqbal and Abul Kalam Azad. This chapter examines Islam in South Asia, focusing on Azad's arguments in support of the socio-political co-existence of, and indeed cooperation between, Muslims and non-Muslims (notably Hindus). It also explores his argument in support of cooperation and goodwill between the different religious communities of India. Azad's views on religious pluralism as the politics of national liberation, as a religious philosophy, and as cultural history are also considered.

Keywords:   Islam, South Asia, religious pluralism, secularism, Sayyid Ahmad Khan, Abul Kalam Azad, Muslims, national liberation, goodwill, religious philosophy

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