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Modern Myths, Locked MindsSecularism and Fundamentalism in India$
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T.N.M Madan

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780198065104

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065104.001.0001

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The Hindu Religious Tradition: Revivalism and Fundamentalism

The Hindu Religious Tradition: Revivalism and Fundamentalism

(p.203) Chapter Seven The Hindu Religious Tradition: Revivalism and Fundamentalism
Modern Myths, Locked Minds

T. N. Madan

Oxford University Press

Many early Victorian writers considered India to be at the threshold of a new way of life under the combined influence of the new administrative and mercantile dispensations and evangelical Christianity. However, the critics overlooked the vitality of the inner dynamism of Hinduism. The character of the mixed response of Bengali intellectuals to the cultural impact of the West is best illustrated by the creed and social concerns of the Brahmo Sabha, founded by Rammohun Roy, and its successor, the Brahmo Samaj. This chapter examines Hindu religious tradition, focusing on religious revivalism and fundamentalism. It then analyses the Arya Samaj, the ideology of Hindutva and the founding of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, and Mahatma Gandhi's Hinduism.

Keywords:   Hinduism, India, fundamentalism, religious revivalism and tradition, Arya Samaj, Hindutva, Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Mahatma Gandhi, Rammohun Roy, Brahmo Sabha and Samaj

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