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State of Urban Services in India's CitiesSpending and Financing$
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Kala Seetharam Sridhar and A. Venugopala Reddy

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198065388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065388.001.0001

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A Case of Lack of Coordination

(p.53) 3 Kolkata
State of Urban Services in India's Cities

Kala Seetharam Sridhar

A. Venugopala Reddy

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the municipal corporations in Kolkata, and focuses on the central city of Kolkata. In terms of population, Kolkata is easily the seventh biggest city in the world, and the second biggest city in India. There are three municipal corporations in the city, namely, the Kolkata Municipal Corporation (KMC), the Howrah Municipal Corporation, and the Chandannagar Municipal Corporation. After looking at the socio-economic characteristics of the city, the chapter studies the expenditure allotted for services such as solid waste management, water supply, sanitation, and sewerage. A comparison of the real expenditures and the financial norms for these specified services is provided. The chapter also analyses if spending is one of the possible causes of the current state of service delivery. The Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA), which handles the land in the KMC area, is also discussed.

Keywords:   Kolkata, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, service delivery, Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, water supply, sewerage, sanitation, solid waste management, roads, street lighting

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