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State of Urban Services in India's CitiesSpending and Financing$
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Kala Seetharam Sridhar and A. Venugopala Reddy

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198065388

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198065388.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Strengthening Urban Services

Strengthening Urban Services

The Way Forward

(p.123) 6 Strengthening Urban Services
State of Urban Services in India's Cities

Kala Seetharam Sridhar

A. Venugopala Reddy

Oxford University Press

This chapter summarizes the different findings the four case studies on Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, and Kolkata, discussed in previous chapters. The discussion begins with a summary of the findings on finance, and then moves on to a summary of the findings on expenditure, public service delivery, and the relationship between the two. Based on the findings presented in this chapter, this study implies that the local government units in India have been benefiting from land sales and leasing in order to fund their infrastructure needs. However, the study is able to determine that their expenditures fall below the nationally accepted norms, thus providing a lower standard of these public services. This chapter concludes that spending and municipal revenues are at the core of the problem.

Keywords:   Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Kolkata, Bangalore, public services, municipal revenues, urban land, Urban Local Body, Urban Development Authority

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