Institutions and Organizations
The responsibility of governance and control over forests was organized through institutions and a legal framework that emerged after the conservation was put in place. In Assam, a provincial Forest Department under the direct supervision of the imperial department was established to manage the forests. This chapter discusses forest management in Assam after the introduction of conservation policies. The process of establishment of a Forest Department in Assam began in 1868. While the Forest Department was given the task of managing forests, the lack of definitive forest laws rendered the Forest Department weak in its control over forests. Over the years, the government and the Forest Department of Assam worked for the increased authority of the department. After several ideological transformations and forestry rule reformations, the Forest Department became an effective force in the conservation of Assam forest wherein preservation became the basic agenda of the department.
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