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Judges of the Supreme Court of India1950 - 1989$
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George H. Gadbois, Jr

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198070610

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.001.0001

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(p.350) IV Religion
Judges of the Supreme Court of India

George H. Gadbois, Jr

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the religion of judges. Except for a relatively small under-representation of Muslims, the religious affiliations of the judges mirror the religious composition of the population at large to a remarkable degree. Religion has been a selection criterion and this extraordinary amount of proportional representation enhances India’s secular foundation. The convention of a Muslim seat dates back to the 1930s when the Federal Court began functioning. This convention carried over after Independence. Meanwhile, the majority of the judges (82.8 per cent) and the population (82.6 per cent) were Hindu.

Keywords:   Muslims, religious affiliations, India’s secular foundation, Hindu, Muslim seat

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