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Judges of the Supreme Court of India1950 - 1989$
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George H. Gadbois, Jr

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198070610

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198070610.001.0001

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(p.354) VI Region
Judges of the Supreme Court of India

George H. Gadbois, Jr

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the regions represented by the judges. There is no constitutional mandate that the membership of the SCI must be representative of the nation but the data shows clearly that the geographic composition of the Court has been an important selection criterion. In many instances, the judge selected to replace a retiring judge has been from either the same high court, or the same region as the man who stepped down. The nature of the regional balance is clearly not a chance occurrence. Given the fractious nature of Indian federalism and the linguistic and cultural differences among many of the states, the representation of individual states is more important than being from the same region. The premium placed on geographic representation — on the membership of the SCI being a veritable map of India — means that the Court is an institution that has enhanced the unity of India.

Keywords:   SCI membership, region representation, high court, Indian federalism, India unity

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