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The Telecom Revolution in IndiaTechnology, Regulation, and Policy$
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Varadharajan Sridhar

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198075530

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198075530.001.0001

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National and International Long-distance Services

National and International Long-distance Services

Does Distance Matter?

(p.135) 5 National and International Long-distance Services
The Telecom Revolution in India

Varadharajan Sridhar

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the critical issues in two types of backbone networks, namely, national long distance (NLD) and international long-distance (ILD) services. The framework for the access charges and the evolution of the Interconnection User Charges regime in India are explained. Due to traffic aggregation, trunking efficiency is easier to attain in an NLD network compared to access network, resulting in lesser cost per unit of information transfer. With the introduction of competition, the NLD segment in India entered into a multi-service, multi-operator scenario. It then shows the two cases of inter-carrier compensation policies that were to be addressed by the regulator and the government. The monopoly NLD and ILD services migrated to a competitive market. Though a number of licence holders are providing service, it is time that the policymakers and regulator implement the carrier access code to promote customer choice of carriers.

Keywords:   national long distance, international long-distance, Interconnection User Charges, India, inter-carrier compensation, call origination patterns

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