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Religion, Community, and EducationThe Case of Rural Bihar$
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Sanjeer Alam

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198076940

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076940.001.0001

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Inequities in Education in India

Inequities in Education in India

Genesis and Dimensions

(p.22) 1 Inequities in Education in India
Religion, Community, and Education

Mohd. Sanjeer Alam

Oxford University Press

This chapter lays bare the socio-political structures and processes that have deeply influenced the overall development of the Indian education system. It is argued in this chapter that the issues of equity and access in the education system are not independent of wider structures and process, for the education system is a sub-system of the larger social system. The wider structures and processes not only shape social differentiation in society but also reinforce such differentiations in education. Therefore, persistent educational disparities along the axes of caste, class, gender, region, and religion cannot be understood without reference to the prevailing social, economic and political matrix within which educational system functions. It is also demonstrated in this chapter that while various processes have apparently sought to undermine various forms of inequities in education in India, these processes, nevertheless, reinforced existing modes of iniquities in education.

Keywords:   access, disparity, education system, equity, social differentiation, wider structures, social matrix

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