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Politics of InclusionCastes, Minorities, and Affirmative Action$
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Zoya Hassan

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198076964

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198076964.001.0001

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Muslim Backwardness and the Elusive Promise of Affirmative Action

Muslim Backwardness and the Elusive Promise of Affirmative Action

(p.159) 6 Muslim Backwardness and the Elusive Promise of Affirmative Action
Politics of Inclusion

Zoya Hasan

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the specific issue of discrimination against and exclusion of Muslims, and the arguments for affirmative action programmes for them in education and government employment to redress this imbalance. More specifically, it focuses on the demands and implications of minority versus backward-caste reservations in the context of differences amongst Muslim groups on the issue and the wider debate on minority quotas versus caste and sub-quotas for Muslim Other Backward Classes. In assessing the desirability and feasibility of affirmative action for minorities or Dalits in the Christian and Muslim communities, it is useful to remember that in India, reservations have been the key instrument for social and political inclusion, and they provide voice to the excluded groups in decision-making institutions.

Keywords:   discrimination, reservations, caste, minorities, social and political inclusion, Dalits

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