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The Inner WorldA Psychoanalytical Study of Childhood and Society in India$
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Sudhir Kakar

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077152

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077152.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 May 2021

Conclusion Childhood and Social Change

Conclusion Childhood and Social Change

(p.215) Chapter VI Conclusion Childhood and Social Change
The Inner World

Sudhir Kakar

Oxford University Press

This chapter underscores the wider implications of the inner world—the childhood layer of the mind—for the processes of modernization and social change. It is essential to understand the ways in which a culture responds to the press of social change, to the tension between innovation and conservation. In the later development of psychoanalytic thought, the rigid reductionist formulation of the relationship between the individual psyche and society’s institutions has been amended. For the large majority of India’s people, social change has been gradual and bearable. Most Indians have remained true to the traditional Indian identity in which the maternal cosmos of infancy and early childhood is the inner world. This chapter concludes that many insights gleaned from the nature of traditional Hindu childhood and society are of vital importance for mankind’s radical need for a holistic approach to man’s nature.

Keywords:   childhood, culture, psychoanalytic thought, psyche, Indian identity, inner world

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