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Structure and CognitionAspects of Hindu Caste and Ritual$
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Veena Das

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077404

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077404.001.0001

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Of Jatis

Of Jatis

(p.62) Chapter 3 Of Jatis
Structure and Cognition

Veena Das

Oxford University Press

This chapter continues the discussion of the structure of the Dharmaranya Purana. It is mostly concerned with the myths that are connected to the differentiation among the Vanikas and Brahmas. The chapter begins by discussing jatis, where it shows that the jatis is found within the conceptual order of Hinduism. Here, it notes that jatis references a set of relations among the sanyasi, Brahman, and king, and explains that a jati can be classified by three principles of organization. It then looks at the primary divisions among the Brahmans and the reasons—as stated in the Purana—why these divisions occurred. It also discusses the differences that arose between the Chaturvedi Brahmans and the Trivedi Brahmans, the Modh Brahmans' code of conduct, the Puranic thinkers, and the theory of the kalivarjya. The final part of the chapter discusses the conception of caste fission within the Dharmaranya Purana.

Keywords:   Dharmaranya Purana, jatis, principles of organization, code of conduct, Puranic thinkers, theory of the kalivarjya, caste fission, Brahmans, Vanikas

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