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This Fissured LandAn Ecological History of India$
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Madhav Gadgil and Ramachandra Guha

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077442

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077442.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 18 January 2022

Habitats in Human History

Habitats in Human History

(p.9) Chapter 1 Habitats in Human History
This Fissured Land

Madhav Gadgil

Ramachandra Guha

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the aspects of technology, economy, social organization, ideology, and the ecological impact of gathering, nomadic pastoralism, settled cultivation, and industry. It then reviews the characteristic forms of social conflict between and within different modes. Apart from massive bursts of social conflict, the encounter between the different modes also signals a spurt in rates of ecological destruction. While the conflict between different modes of resource use is, at the most elemental level, a struggle for control over productive resources, it is invariably accompanied by an ideological debate legitimizing the claims of the various modes. The forms of intra-modal conflict presented, and the ways in which they are resolved, elucidate the interlinkages between modes of production and their corresponding modes of resource use. Nomadic pastoralism is best treated as being integrated with the peasant mode of resource use, within whose ecological zone it occupied a special niche.

Keywords:   gatherer societies, nomadic pastoralism, settled cultivation, industry, technology, economy, social organization, ideology, social conflict

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