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The Remembered Village$
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M.N. Srinivas

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198077459

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198077459.001.0001

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The Quality of Social Relations

The Quality of Social Relations

(p.285) Chapter 9 The Quality of Social Relations
The Remembered Village

M.N. Srinivas

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes the quality of social relations in Rampura. The principle of reciprocity was basic to rural social life. Muyyi was the term used for exchange of labour, and it was resorted to when the need for agricultural labour was at its peak. The omnipresence of hierarchical ideas had led to the proliferation and refinement of the symbols of superordination and subordination. The word moka or face was heard frequently in conversation. It stood for a person's image before others and for his self-respect. Friendship and enmity were both widely recognized relationships between individuals, families, and lineages. Gossip was an important activity in the village, and certain features of rural life provided an ideal soil for it. Envy was also a familiar phenomenon. Meanwhile, a sense of humour was an integral part of Indian village life, even though anthropological studies show no evidence of it.

Keywords:   rural social life, principle of reciprocity, inequality, Rampura, hierarchical ideas, muyyi, moka, friendship, gossip, Indian village

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