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Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia$
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E. Sridharan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198079392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079392.001.0001

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The Dynamics of Coalition Politics and Democracy in Sri Lanka

The Dynamics of Coalition Politics and Democracy in Sri Lanka

(p.161) 3 The Dynamics of Coalition Politics and Democracy in Sri Lanka
Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia

Jayadeva Uyangoda

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores political contexts and conditions that have made coalition politics an enduring feature in the politics of parliamentary governance in Sri Lanka since the political independence of 1948. The chapter investigates the following questions: what are the factors that have made coalition politics a recurring dimension of regime formation in Sri Lanka? How has the electoral system contributed to creating conditions necessitating coalition regime formation? Has the availability of coalition options widened the space for participation in governance for ethnic minority and small parties? What are the dynamics of party politics that are revealed in the politics of coalition regimes? Has coalition governance provided opportunities for ethnic minority parties to influence the process of policy-making? In exploring these questions, the chapter surveys the evolution and dynamics of Sri Lanka’s electoral democracy, party system, electoral systems, and ethnic politics and their impact on the politics of regime formation as well as making and breaking-up of coalition regimes.

Keywords:   coalition politics, party system, politics of Sri Lanka, ethnic politics, electoral systems

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