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Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia$
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E. Sridharan

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198079392

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079392.001.0001

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Coalition Politics in Japan

Coalition Politics in Japan

(p.241) 4 Coalition Politics in Japan
Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia

Takako Hirose

Oxford University Press

Japan has had coalition governments since 1994, ending the long period of nearly four decades of single party (Liberal Democratic Party) majority government. Parties have not been stable since the end of single-party hegemony and have gone through several splits and mergers. Nor have alliances been stable. Nor has coalition politics managed to create consensus for economic reforms for the revival of the economy. It is argued that coalition politics emerged not because of the growth of new parties thrown up by societal demands but by the disintegration of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) through successive secessions of dissatisfied groups and that coalition politics and the switchover to a mixed-member parallel system of elections has not led to Western-style policy-oriented party politics. Thus, it is an open question whether the phase of coalition politics has led to improvement in the quality of democracy.

Keywords:   Koenkai, split, merger, faction, coalition, single-seat constituency

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