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AdvaitaA Contemporary Critique$
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Srinivasa Rao

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780198079811

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198079811.001.0001

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Sadasadvilakṣaṇa and Asat

Sadasadvilakṣaṇa and Asat

(p.112) Chapter 7 Sadasadvilakṣaṇa and Asat

Srinivasa Rao

Oxford University Press

Another foundational idea of traditional Advaita is the sadasadvilaksana or “what is different from the real and the unreal”, a peculiar ontological status attributed to the empirical world. Since the world is both experienced by us and also sublated later on by the experience of Ultimate Reality, (1) it has to be different from the unreal since unreal entities are never experienced by us and (2) it has also to be different from the real as it is sublated unlike reality which is never sublated. But such an entity, if existent, has to be other than non-dual reality and hence must contradict it. So, Advaita declares that this “other” never truly exists. In that case it will be no different from asat or non-being. This “reduction” of sadasadvilaksana into asat is an awkward problem and its various dimensions are explored in this chapter.

Keywords:   Sadasadvilaksana, asat, Ultimate Reality, non-dual reality, non-being

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