The chapter focuses on the analysis of energy resource balance and the ecological limits on energy resources with special reference to the oil crisis in both the global and the Indian context. It discusses the roles of fossil fuels, nuclear energy, hydro resources, renewables like biomass, bioliquids and other aboitic renewables particularly wind and solar energy resources in providing the energy security for India with some sectorwise details as well as their implications in respect of environmental degradation over the full life cycle of their respective uses. The chapter further discusses the economic effects of the ecological limits as expressed in the forms of resource scarcity and environmental pollution. It then reviews the trend of past energy and carbon efficiency of India and the projections of the same in future as per the study of the expert group of the planning commission and discusses their policy implications
Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Resources, Energy Demand and Energy Balance, Fossil Fuels, Hydro Energy Resource, Nuclear Energy, Biomass Fuel, Bio-fuel Oil, Renewable Energy Resource, Energy related Pollution, Energy Efficiency, Carbon Efficiency, Future Energy Scenario
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