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Ecological Limits and Economic Development$
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Ramprasad Sengupta

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198081654

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081654.001.0001

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India’s Human Settlement and Micro Living Environment

India’s Human Settlement and Micro Living Environment

(p.133) 7 India’s Human Settlement and Micro Living Environment
Ecological Limits and Economic Development

Ramprasad Sengupta

Oxford University Press

The chapter discusses the population dynamics and future prospect of India’s population growth till around the middle of the present century. In this context it has analysed the regional pattern of demographic transition as driven by the dynamics of fertility preference in the different regions of India and has examined how poverty and gender-power relationship have influenced the fertility behavior. The discussion refers to the new poverty line and the poverty ratios as per Tendulkar Committee Report as well and its implcations. Besides, the chapter also describes the micro environmental living condition of households in India with special references to housing space, homelessness, drinking water, sanitation and urbanization. The chapter has further extended the discussion in the urban context to the problems of slums and slum improvement policy in India. It concludes by discussing the historical dynamics of population policy and programme of India including its current state.

Keywords:   Demographic Transition of India, Fertility Preference, Poverty, Gender-Power, Homelessness, Housing Space, Drinking water, sanitation, slums, population policy

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