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Partitioned LivesMigrants, Refugees, Citizens in India and Pakistan, 1947-65$
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Haimanti Roy

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198081777

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198081777.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 January 2022

Citizens of the Nation

Citizens of the Nation

(p.118) 4 Citizens of the Nation
Partitioned Lives

Haimanti Roy

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the processes and legislations in India that sought to clear up such confusions. Although the laws defining citizenship came to be established by the Citizenship Act of 1955, ambiguities about who was an Indian citizenship continued and were prone to contextual interpretation with regard to those groups who would become ‘minorities’ within India and Pakistan after 1947. While in practice officials often failed to accurately implement equal rights when it came to India’s Muslim minorities, concern for Hindu minorities across the border in East Pakistan continued to guide official policy and actions in the post-Partition period. It argues that it was the continuing migration in the East (rather than in the West) that prompted legislators to confront specifically the modalities of defining a citizen and to formulate the rules for refugees to acquire Indian citizenship.

Keywords:   Citizenship Act, 1955, Muslim minorities, migrants, citizens, Jawaharlal Nehru, optees, hostage theory, Muhammed Ali Jinnah, Pravash Chandra Lahiry, constitution, constituent assembly, refugees

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