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Transformation and DevelopmentThe Political Economy of Transition in India and China$
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Amiya Kumar Bagchi and Anthony P. D'Costa

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198082286

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082286.001.0001

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Increasing Industrialization of R&D in China

Increasing Industrialization of R&D in China

Empirical Observations of the Role of the State

(p.301) 12 Increasing Industrialization of R&D in China
Transformation and Development

Amiya Kumar Bagchi

Anthony P. D’Costa

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the growth of R&D expenditure in China—a major indicator of innovation—and the role of the state or the public sector. It first discusses the growth of R&D expenditure along with an overview of its implications in the international context. Using select indicators of innovation and industrial output of the large and medium enterprises, the chapter shows that the share of public sector in total gross domestic expenditure on R&D is more than the private sector. It explains how the government provides direct and indirect support to private R&D and innovation. It discusses the long-term guidance and strategic visioning provided by the government in R&D in particular, and S&T development in general.

Keywords:   Chinese research and development policy, R&D expenditure in China, Chinese public sector, Government supported innovation, Chinese large and medium enterprises, Chinese industrial output, Chinese R&D, Chinese strategic visioning

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