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Controlling the WaterMatching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal$
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Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198082927

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.001.0001

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Irrigation Technology and Irrigation Management Reform: The Case of the Terai Region in Nepal

Irrigation Technology and Irrigation Management Reform: The Case of the Terai Region in Nepal

(p.112) 4 Irrigation Technology and Irrigation Management Reform: The Case of the Terai Region in Nepal
Controlling the Water

Dik Roth

Linden Vincent

Oxford University Press

This chapter uses evidence from three case studies of irrigation reform processes in irrigation systems of different scale and complexity in the Nepalese Terai to show changing dynamics in and between irrigation technology and institutions. It also reviews the changing nature of Nepalese policies for irrigation reform and the evolution of assistance programmes shaping these field experiences. Reforms have been especially weak in not providing enough incentive for improved management performance, as envisaged in programme design, and still face institutional and technical problems. The chapter argues that future design of IMT programmes should build on, but move beyond, contemporary models of PIM and participatory technology development (PTD), to bring a new realism in reforming technology and institutions together. The transforming concept of ‘irrigation modernization’, applied with better understanding of local performance priorities, can perhaps help local organizations achieve service-oriented management in accordance with the resource base of irrigation systems.

Keywords:   participatory irrigation management, irrigation management transfer, water users’ associations, farmer-managed irrigation systems, participatory technology development, irrigation policies, irrigation in Nepal, Terai

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