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Controlling the WaterMatching Technology and Institutions in Irrigation Management in India and Nepal$
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Dik Roth and Linden Vincent

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9780198082927

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198082927.001.0001

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Social Differentiation and the Politics of Access to Groundwater in North Gujarat

Social Differentiation and the Politics of Access to Groundwater in North Gujarat

(p.200) 7 Social Differentiation and the Politics of Access to Groundwater in North Gujarat
Controlling the Water

Dik Roth

Linden Vincent

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the politics of groundwater markets and its interrelation with social differentiation and class–caste relations. Based on an intensive social anthropological study of a village in north Gujarat, it investigates the factors that shaped unrestrained use of groundwater and the responses of various social groups. These factors range from the issues of access and control over productive resources such as land and groundwater, a local ecology that endorsed groundwater development and institutions like groundwater markets, and sharecropping that mediated the change process. The chapter uses a triadic framework of agrarian institutions, ecological variables in agrarian change, and the domain of the state in influencing nature and society. Further, it locates the context of the study in the larger political economy of Gujarat where dominant classes have determined differential class-based access to productive resources through sources of legitimacy and power.

Keywords:   goundwater irrigation, borewells, groundwater markets, sharecropping, social differentiation, groundwater ecology, agrarian institutions, agrarian change, irrigation in north Gujarat

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