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Fathpur Sikri Revisited$
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Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198084037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198084037.001.0001

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Sikri before Akbar

Sikri before Akbar

(p.10) Chapter 1 Sikri before Akbar
Fathpur Sikri Revisited

Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Oxford University Press

Archaeological evidence points out habitation in the area since the PGW period. The site flourished during the Sunga period and further developed under the Sikarwar Rajputs who built a fortress at the site. After it passed into the hands of the Turkish sultans, remains of a number of mosques, some described here, testify its growth under the Khaljis. A tomb of the Tughluq period proves its continuance under that regime. The Mughal remains are encountered from the period of Babur, the founder of the dynasty in India. A garden, a well, and a platform from this period are still extant. The name of the town is derived, on the one hand, from the Sikarwar Rajputs and, on the other, from the garden founded by Babur after his victory over Rana Sanga in the battleground of Khanwa located nearby.

Keywords:   Sikarwar Rajputs, Delhi Sultanate, Alauddin Khalji, Khalji mosques, Bagh-i Fath, Chaharbagh, Babur, garden, chabutara, Sikri, Nagar

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