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Fathpur Sikri Revisited$
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Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198084037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198084037.001.0001

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The Enterprise of Building Construction

The Enterprise of Building Construction

(p.21) Chapter 2 The Enterprise of Building Construction
Fathpur Sikri Revisited

Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Oxford University Press

The chapter is in three sections. The first deals with the personnel and the organization of building construction under Akbar. The second explores the models and theories of urban design and their sources, while the third deals with the plan and layout of the city itself. Primary sources like the Ain-i Akbari of Akbar’s official historian, Abul Fazl, official and semi-official accounts of the period like the chronicles of Arif Qandhari and Abul Qasim Namakin, the Jesuits accounts like those of Fr. Monserrate, as well as miniatures are utilized to discuss the various personnel and their status in the Mughal society. The Mughal encampment and the layout of the four-quartered Mughal gardens are discussed as possible sources of urban design. The excavated and extant road networks are also taken into account to interpret the actual layout of the medieval town.

Keywords:   building construction, personnel, darogha, mason, mimar, stonecutter, encampment, garden, chaharbagh, urban design, patrimonial-bureaucratic, layout

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