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Fathpur Sikri Revisited$
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Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198084037

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198084037.001.0001

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Hydraulics and Water Management

Hydraulics and Water Management

(p.134) Chapter 8 Hydraulics and Water Management
Fathpur Sikri Revisited

Syed Ali Nadeem Rezavi

Oxford University Press

Pre-modern settlements generally grew around some major source of water, such as a river, a lake, or a pond. This would provide not only potable water but also a security barrier. Fathpur Sikri was located beside a natural seasonal lake which was regulated by the construction of barrages to control the flow of water and result in a perennial supply. Towards the old settlement a bund defined the limits of this artificially created water body, which from the north-west and the south was contained by the ridge. Elaborate arrangements were made to lift water to the palaces and supply it to the various areas where it was needed. A number of water tanks, some open, while others closed, and elaborate channels, ducts, and aqueducts were also constructed besides wells and step-wells (baolis). In order to lift the water from the ground to the top of the ridge, a series of Persian-wheels were put to use.

Keywords:   Tanks, underground tanks, birka, channels, ducts, aqueduct, well, step-well, barrage, dam, sluices, hydraulics, water management

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