This chapter reviews some aspects of research on India’s state level and national level legislative elections published between 1978 and 2010. It suggests that political scientists were encouraged to study electoral politics much more seriously and vigorously because of the transformation of the structure of electoral competition and the emergence of a multi-party system. It also mentions that election studies in recent times have become more diverse and alert to the larger challenge of theorization. They now focus on the patterns of political competition and the analysis of factors that shape voters’ choices. This chapter also argues that election studies have multiple points of relevance for democracy-related research and theorization.
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