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Hindu Nationalism and the Evolution of Contemporary Indian SecurityPortents of Power$
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Chris Ogden

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198089551

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198089551.001.0001

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The BJP and Indian Foreign Policy Until 1998

The BJP and Indian Foreign Policy Until 1998

(p.49) 2 The BJP and Indian Foreign Policy Until 1998
Hindu Nationalism and the Evolution of Contemporary Indian Security

Chris Ogden

Oxford University Press

This chapter looks at the trajectory of the BJP’s (often contrasting) political origins, ideologies, and agendas concerning India’s domestic and foreign policies over the same 1947–1998 period. This contrast is made apparent through its investigation of the BJP’s political heritage, an analysis of the origins of its Hindutva ideology and the party’s role as the political arm of the wider Sangh Parivar. After an analysis of the ideological basis of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (BJS) (the BJP’s predecessor) from its foundations in 1951 to its disbanding in the late 1970s, the analysis concentrates on the political rise of the BJP, charting its emergence onto the national stage in the 1980s. The chapter thus lays out the norms central to Hindu nationalism across multiple political generations, charts Hindutva‘s electoral rise, and sets up the evaluation in the next five Chapters of specific elements of Indian security under the BJP-led NDA regime.

Keywords:   BJP, BJS, Hindutva, Sangh Parivar, ideology, nationalism

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