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Hamid Algar

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198090441

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2013

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198090441.001.0001

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Introduction: Geographical and Historical Setting

Introduction: Geographical and Historical Setting

(p.1) 1 Introduction: Geographical and Historical Setting

Hamid Algar

Oxford University Press

This chapter sets the stage for the discussion of ʿAbd al-Rahman Jami by providing an overview of the relevant geography and history. It covers Khorasan, the region of which Herat was the principal city in the time of Jami and the main setting for his career; and the Timurid dynasty that ruled Khorasan and contiguous lands throughout his life. It traces the coming of Islam to Khorasan with the armies that began arriving there in the time of ʿUmar b. al-Khattab, the second Caliph, and its swift embracing by the indigenous population of Khorasan. It also maps the rise of the Persian language which accompanied the assimilation of Islam as religion and culture. The Sufism that enjoyed primacy among the various facets of Jami’s persona was also well-established in Khorasan, where it found literary expression in both Arabic and Persian.

Keywords:   ʿAbd al-Rahman Jami, Khorasan, Herat, Timurid dynasty, Islam, Persian, Sufism

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