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Interrogating India's ModernityDemocracy, Identity, and Citizenship$
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Surinder Jodhka

Print publication date: 2013

Print ISBN-13: 9780198092070

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092070.001.0001

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Democracy in India

Democracy in India

Of, By, and for Whom?

(p.274) 11 Democracy in India
Interrogating India's Modernity
Sumanta Banerjee
Oxford University Press

The author argues that democracy can work in contradictory ways. It can help in bringing about socio-economic transformation towards equitable distribution. It can also be manipulated by vested interests to perpetuate economic inequity and social injustice. The essay provides a critical assessment of India’s experiment with democracy. Though the concept was imported from the West, it has over the year acquired a local flavour. The Indian politics evolved local-level responses, such the system of reservation to deal with the prevailing inequalities and prepare ground for growth of democracy. However, over the years, reservations have also created new sets of problems. The essay also develops a critique of the manner in which representative democracy works in India. The Indian state often applies repressive methods to deal with all kinds of dissent. The neoliberal reforms have further worked towards the subversion of democracy in India.

Keywords:   neoliberal, subversion, democracy, West, politics, India, Indian politics, democracy

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