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Ashraf into Middle Classes – Muslims in Nineteenth-century Delhi - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Ashraf into Middle Classes: Muslims in Nineteenth-century Delhi

Margrit Pernau


This book investigates the history of the Muslim communities in Delhi from the conquest of the city by Lord Lake in 1803 to the end of the First World War. It is based on a large range of sources in English, Urdu, and Persian—from government records to novels, from Sufi writings and fatwas to genealogies, from maps to miniatures, from handwritten newsletters to women’s journals. The book follows two main questions. One, Muslims have long been defined, first and foremost, by their religious identity. This study takes religion not as a given but asks about the universe of alternative identities— ... More

Keywords: Delhi, Muslims, ashraf, nobility, merchants, middle classes, multiple identities, nineteenth century, colonial rule

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2013 Print ISBN-13: 9780198092285
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2013 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198092285.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Margrit Pernau, author
Senior Researcher at the Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin