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Population and Reproductive Health in IndiaAn Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs$
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Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, P M Kulkarni, K G Santhya, and Firoza Mehrotra

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198096238

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 12 April 2021

Adolescents and Youth in India

Adolescents and Youth in India

Challenges and Opportunities

(p.175) 4 Adolescents and Youth in India
Population and Reproductive Health in India

K.G. Santhya

Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews programmes related to the sexual and reproductive health of young people,and assesses the extent to which their needs have been met. It highlights that access to quality schooling and marketable skills are restricted, especially for girls.Sexual and reproductive health is characterized by early and unsafe entry into sexual life and childbearing, unwanted pregnancy and infection, unmet need for contraception, and unwanted or coercive sexual activity.Gender gaps persist, and rural, less educated, socially excluded and poor youth are particularly disadvantaged.Challenges include, at the individual level, limited awareness of health promoting behaviours, compromised care-seeking, and limited femaleagency; at the parent and community level, lack ofparent-child communication, and lack of a supportive environment; at the programme level, insufficient investments in the young, poorly implemented programmes to build awareness, compromisedprovision of counselling and services; and generally, limitedinter-sectoral coordination.

Keywords:   Adolescents, youth, sexual experience, pregnancy related care, family planning, abortion, STI/RTI/HIV, quality of services, reach of services, challenges, programmes and policies

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