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Population and Reproductive Health in IndiaAn Assessment of the Current Situation and Future Needs$
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Shireen J. Jejeebhoy, P M Kulkarni, K G Santhya, and Firoza Mehrotra

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198096238

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198096238.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 17 May 2021

Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equity

Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equity

(p.247) 5 Women’s Empowerment and Gender Equity
Population and Reproductive Health in India

Shireen J. Jejeebhoy

K.G. Santhya

Oxford University Press

This chapter describes programmes to empower women, documentsevidence on women’s situation, and outlines socio-cultural, programmatic, and policy level challenges impeding women’s empowerment. Gender inequities persist in educational attainment, and participation in wage work and political life.Women continue to have limited access to money, control over economic resources, freedom of movement and decision-making authority; gender-based violence, son preference and sex selection persist.Efforts to break down patriarchal norms and women’s social isolation, raisewomen’s awareness oftheir entitlements, build marketable skills among them andaddress menhave been limited. Promising actions, including conditional and unconditional cash transfers have not been well-evaluated or scaled up. Laws and acts are unevenly enforced, as are programmes intended to prevent early marriage, gender based violence and crimes against women. Notwithstanding a range of well conceptualised policies and programmes,inter-sectoral coordination necessary to promote gender equity and equality is limited.

Keywords:   Women’s empowerment, gender equity, educational disparities, work participation, participation in political life, agency, child marriage, gender based violence, son preference, child sex ratio, policies

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