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Contested Politics of Educational Reform in IndiaAligning Opportunities with Interests$
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Manisha Priyam

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780198098874

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2015

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198098874.001.0001

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Federal Opportunities, State-level Implementation

Federal Opportunities, State-level Implementation

The Puzzle of Contrasting Outcomes in Andhra Pradesh and Bihar

(p.91) 3 Federal Opportunities, State-level Implementation
Contested Politics of Educational Reform in India

Manisha Priyam

Oxford University Press

This chapter begins with the comparative analysis of the politics of educational reform in the two states Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. An element of ‘control’ can be assumed in the Indian federal system in terms of the same policy and institutional support from the Centre as an incentive for educational reform in both states. Besides, these states also had remarkable similarities of social context and a new political leadership from amongst the socially disadvantaged castes in the early 1990s. In the literature in policy reforms, these initial conditions are assumed as favourable for policy reforms. Bur data on educational participation show that while Andhra narrowed social inequities of caste and gender, in Bihar there was an increase. The contrasting performance of the two states appears as a puzzle. Why should two educationally backward states, with similar federal support report divergent outcomes? What is the role of politics in the course of programme implementation, as an intermediate variable between policy input from the Centre and policy outcomes?

Keywords:   Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, comparative analysis of educational reforms, educational participation, educationally backward states, divergent outcomes in AP and Bihar

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