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Diets, Malnutrition, and DiseaseThe Indian Experience$
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Raghav Gaiha, Raghbendra Jha, and Vani S Kulkarni

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780198099215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198099215.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 November 2021

Food Subsidy, Income Transfer, and the Poor

Food Subsidy, Income Transfer, and the Poor

A Comparative Analysis of the Public Distribution System in India’s States*

(p.190) 9 Food Subsidy, Income Transfer, and the Poor
Diets, Malnutrition, and Disease

Raghbendra Jha

Raghav Gaiha

Manoj K. Pandey

Nidhi Kaicker

Oxford University Press

This chapter first analyses the real income transfers through PDS, and the reasons why these transfers are so small, followed by an examination of the (potential) contribution of the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) and the Public Distribution System (PDS) in mitigating the extent and severity of undernutrition (including micronutrient deficiency). From a policy perspective and responding to the current debate on the National Food Security Act, it is argued that a universal food subsidy is unlikely to remedy the dismal performance of the PDS, as leakages and wastages—already enormous—would be much higher.

Keywords:   public distribution system, targeting, real income transfer, nutritional gain, wastage, leakage, universal food subsidy

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