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Enter the KingTheatre, Liturgy, and Ritual in the Medieval Civic Triumph$
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Gordon Kipling

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198117612

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117612.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 July 2021

The Christmas King

The Christmas King

(p.48) 2 The Christmas King
Enter the King

Gordon Kipling

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the city's own self-portrayal in its dramatized response to St John's call to repentance. The chapter considers the city's theatrical representation of the Duke's entry. Duke Philip enters Bruges as the long-expected ‘fulfiller of the profecye’. By adapting distinctive tropes and images from the liturgy of Christ's Advent, these civic pageants create for the Duke and citizens a secular ritual of princely advent. A number of the city's pageants, for instance, imitate the Advent Orda prophetarum by placing actors costumed as biblical prophets along the route of the procession. At the Duke's approach, each prophet in turn recognizes the Duke as the long-awaited Messiah. As the Messiah's ‘forerunner’ and the final prophet of his Advent, John the Baptist aptly begins this series of encounters. However, as he first recognizes, then escorts, the Duke through the city streets, twelve Old Testament prophets stand ready to confirm that their prophecies, too, have been fulfilled.

Keywords:   Duke Philip, Bruges, Christ, Advent, civic pageants, Messiah, John the Baptist, Old Testament prophets

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