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Enter the KingTheatre, Liturgy, and Ritual in the Medieval Civic Triumph$
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Gordon Kipling

Print publication date: 1998

Print ISBN-13: 9780198117612

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198117612.001.0001

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Third Advent: Grace in this Life and Afterward Glory

Third Advent: Grace in this Life and Afterward Glory

(p.182) 4 Third Advent: Grace in this Life and Afterward Glory
Enter the King

Gordon Kipling

Oxford University Press

While abundant examples of striking single Third Advent pageants can be found in royal entries throughout Europe, only in England does one find a consistent preference for civic triumphs devoted in their entirety to the dramatization of the soul's judgment and apotheosis. The repeated use of Third Advent triumphs throughout the fifteenth century in London in part reflects the authority of a particular form which first took shape in the reign of Richard II. From the perspective of medieval drama, these Third Advent triumphs assume a further importance. In structure and imagery they offered dramatic possibilities that the other advents we have so far examined do not offer nearly so well. The entry of the sovereign could follow a wide spectrum of patterns, ranging from the confident, triumphal ascent of Christ, to the qualified ascent of a queen who must offer her ‘account and reckoning’, to a dream vision allegory fraught with scholastic philosophy.

Keywords:   Third Advent, pageants, Europe, England, civic triumphs, Richard II, medieval drama, sovereign, ascent, Christ

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