This chapter explores the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB) in 1848 including Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Christina Rossetti, William Morris, and Algernon Charles Swinburne. Dante Gabriel Rossetti wanted to be a painter, but did not like studying art at the Royal Academy Schools. So at twenty he stopped doing so, and with Holman Hunt and John Everett Millais founded the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (1848). This was a gesture of revolt, in a year of political revolutions, against the academic principle that a young artist should begin by imitating the old masters, instead of obeying his own individual impulse, and acting upon his own perception of Nature. The PRB was much influenced by literature, especially the poems of John Keats and Alfred Tennyson. Its literary organ, The Germ (1850), was designed by D. G. Rossetti to be not only an artistic manifesto, but also an outlet for poetry, particularly his own.
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