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Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV$
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Hugh Gaston Hall

Print publication date: 1990

Print ISBN-13: 9780198151579

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198151579.001.0001

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(p.42) 2 Family
Richelieu's Desmarets and the Century of Louis XIV

Hugh Gaston Hall

Oxford University Press

Based on present evidence, Jean Desmarets appears to have been born in Paris c.1600. He was probably the son of the ‘marchand bourgeois’ Jean Marestz and his wife, Marie Le Febvre. There is, however, good evidence to show that this young bourgeois had influential aristocratic relatives and family connections at Court; and some time before 1639 Jean Desmarets was ennobled by acquiring the ennobling office of Secrétaire du Roi in the Extraordinaire des guerres. Desmarets fits very well into the Paris described by George Huppert in Les Bourgeois gentilshommes. He and members of his immediate family manifest upward mobility through education, professional activity, the acquisition of offices, writing, other cultural activities, and advantageous marriages. From soon after the assassination of Henri IV, until after he took the title Sieur de Saint-Sorlin in 1651, the talents of this bourgeois evidently made him very much a Court personality.

Keywords:   Jean Desmarets, marchand bourgeois, Jean Marestz, Marie Le Febvre, Court, George Huppert, Henry IV

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