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Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on SyntaxWith Special Reference to Greek, Latin, and Germanic$
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David Langslow

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780198153023

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198153023.001.0001

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Lecture II, 31

Lecture II, 31

(p.755) Lecture II, 31
Jacob Wackernagel, Lectures on Syntax

David Langslow (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This final chapter first reviews the available means of expression of negation — both inherited and secondary, including (Lecture 27) prohibitive particles — and (Lecture 28) the placement of negative markers, and their use with nouns. There follow (Lecture 29) remarks on quantitative (as opposed to qualitative) negatives — expressions for ‘no one’, ‘nothing’, ‘never’ — and the negation of general statements, and (Lecture 30) discussion of some special uses of Gk μή and Lat. ne. The privative prefix, and the use generally of negatives in compounds,both nominal (possessive and determining) and verbal, are the subjects of Lecture 31; the meaning of privative compounds, and forms that compete with them, are considered at the start of Lecture 32. The chapter concludes (Lectures 32–3) with discussion of the accumulation of negatives (negative + privative compound, qualitative + quantitative negative, prohibitive + declarative negative, pleonastic negation), and finally of the coordination of negated clauses and phrases.

Keywords:   compound, coordination, declarative, negative, pleonastic, possessive compound, privative, prefix, prohibitive, qualitative

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