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Women Latin PoetsLanguage, Gender, and Authority from Antiquity to the Eighteenth Century$
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Jane Stevenson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780198185024

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198185024.001.0001

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Women Latinists of the Renaissance in Northern and Central Europe

Women Latinists of the Renaissance in Northern and Central Europe

(p.224) 9 Women Latinists of the Renaissance in Northern and Central Europe
Women Latin Poets

Jane Stevenson (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on late medieval German convent culture, and its renaissance in the 15th century. It explores the impact of the Reformation: Charitas Pirckheimer and nuns' defense of Catholicism, and women Protestant apologists. It also examines 15th-century Latinate laywomen, notably Margaretha Welser, and the idea of an educated woman as national ornament. The influence of Protestant exiles from Italy in the early 16th century, such as Olimpia Morata and Celio Secundo Curio, is discussed. The chapter presents the Protestant ideal of companionate marriage: Erasmus, Paul Melissus, and his wife Aemilia. An increasing tendency to educate princesses in Latin as the 16th century progressed is pointed out. Netherlandic Latinity, Dutch women humanists, especially Johanna Otho, and Petronia Lansenberg, living within a network of epistolatory connections are considered. Women's participation in alba amicorum; Elizabeth Jane Weston and other 16th-century women Latinists in central Europe; and royal and other women Latinists in Renaissance Poland are also discussed.

Keywords:   German convent culture, Reformation, Charitas Pirckheimer, Margaretha Welser, Olimpia Morata, Coelio Secundo Curio, Erasmus, Paul Melissus, Johanna Otho, Elizabeth Jane Weston

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