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Henry Howard the Poet Earl of SurreyA Life$
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W. A. Sessions

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198186250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186250.001.0001

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‘Lieutenant General of the King’

‘Lieutenant General of the King’

(p.288) 11 ‘Lieutenant General of the King’
Henry Howard the Poet Earl of Surrey

W. A. Sessions

Oxford University Press

By Royal Letters Patent issued on September 1545, Henry VIII designated the poet Earl of Surrey, ‘The King's Lieutenant’ (a civil appointment) and ‘Captain-General’ (a military appointment for Boulogne-sur-Mer). In this special citation, Surrey's main task was to defend and command the key port of Boulogne on the Channel coast of northern France. The old Roman city of Boulogne had fallen to the English only a year before. The defeat of the French and the fall of the city signalled the most spectacular military triumph of Henry VIII's career, with the Tudor monarch present in the front lines outside the city walls with young Surrey and most courtiers in attendance. The surrender of 1544 had been carefully dramatized to make the decaying Henry VIII appear like Henry V on the nearby field of Agincourt.

Keywords:   Henry VIII, poet, Earl of Surrey, The King's Lieutenant, Captain-General, Boulogne, France

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