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Henry Howard the Poet Earl of SurreyA Life$
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W. A. Sessions

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780198186250

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198186250.001.0001

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‘Retailed to posterity’: A Conclusion

‘Retailed to posterity’: A Conclusion

(p.388) 15 ‘Retailed to posterity’: A Conclusion
Henry Howard the Poet Earl of Surrey

W. A. Sessions

Oxford University Press

Whatever Henry Howard's actions were, Henry VIII ordered the killing of the Howard heir. However deceived by Thomas Wriothesley, the Garter King of Arms, or the Privy Council about Surrey's legal right to bear the arms of Edward the Confessor, the king had determined that Surrey could not survive. All that was needed was the right case, the best narrative by which the young poet earl could be seen to have committed treason. No approval or consent from the masses or from nobility, old or new, was needed. For the Tudor monarch at the end, Surrey with his pretensions towards magnificence presented a special kind of ‘peril’, as the bill of indictment indicates, especially as he had exhibited these pretensions ‘openly and publicly’, without the Supreme Head's approval. No one was free to make such representations, not even a Howard with ancient liberties.

Keywords:   Henry Howard, Henry VIII, Thomas Wriothesley, Edward the Confessor, Tudor, monarch

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