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The Making of an Industrial SocietyWhickham 1560-1765$
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David Levine and Keith Wrightson

Print publication date: 1991

Print ISBN-13: 9780198200666

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200666.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 January 2022

England's Peru: The Industrial Development of Whickham

England's Peru: The Industrial Development of Whickham

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 England's Peru: The Industrial Development of Whickham
Source:
The Making of an Industrial Society
Author(s):

David Levine

Keith Wrightson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198200666.003.0001

Historians of the coal industry recognize the importance of Whickham in its development, and this chapter elaborates and extends that generalized appreciation by providing a more sharply focused inside view. In 1836 the lessees of the manor of Whickham, County Durham, sank a pit in the western part of their territories in the hope of finding a new seam of coal. They were greatly surprised to discover an underground complex of ‘bords and pillars’ from a forgotten colliery undertaking. In their accidental discovery, the mining engineers of the Industrial Revolution era had come face to face with the handiwork of some of those predecessors who had laid the foundations of the modern coal industry of Tyneside. It was mineral wealth hewn with pick and wedge from just such workings as these that had first won for Tyneside its reputation as ‘the black Indies’: England's Peru.

Keywords:   coal industry, coal mining, Tyneside, black Indies, industrial society, Whickham, County Durham

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