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John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland 1504-1553$
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David Loades

Print publication date: 1996

Print ISBN-13: 9780198201939

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198201939.001.0001

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The Struggle for Power, 1549–1551

The Struggle for Power, 1549–1551

(p.125) 4 The Struggle for Power, 1549–1551
John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland 1504-1553


Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the political situation from 1549–1551. By July 1549, the ‘camping movement’ spread far and wide through East Anglia, from King's Lynn to Bury St. Edmunds and beyond. The grievances which inspired such widespread anger were mostly concerned with the misappropriation of common land and with systematic overgrazing, rather than with the conversion of arable land into pasture. By September order was restored throughout the country, but the Protector faced defeat on all fronts, because the need to suppress the widespread insurrection was in itself a defeat for his social policy. Moreover, the fact that he was beholden to others, particularly Russell, Grey, and Warwick, for rescuing his regime from the consequences of his own mistakes further weakened his position. He was vulnerable to what, in the different political culture of a later generation would have been a vote of ‘no confidence,’ but which in 1549 could only be a plot for his removal.

Keywords:   camping movement, Russell, Warwick, Protector, Grey, common land, overgrazing

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